The habitual misreading of John 1 and the ‘Word being God’ #1

 On our article from the ecclesia “Worship and worshipping” there have been coming in some very good reactions from readers who believe Jesus is God. They clearly show how many are carried away in the trap of human doctrine of the Trinity.

When we look at the original text, literally translated in English this would give

Yah Chanan (#Jo 1:1-3): In the beginning the Word having been and the Word having been unto God and God having been the Word he having been, in the beginning, unto God all through his hand became: and without him not even one being whatever became. (Aramaic New Covenant;  ANCJ Released: 1996 Contents: New Testament Source Used: Exegeses Bibles (1996)Location: Tyndale House, Cambridge, United Kingdom)

Which could be put in contemporary English as follows

1 In [the] beginning+ the Word*+ was, and the Word was with God,*+ and the Word was a god.*+ 2 This one was in [the] beginning+ with God.+ 3 All things came into existence through him,+ and apart from him not even one thing came into existence.

What has come into existence 4 by means of him was life,+ and the life was the light+ of men.* 5 And the light is shining in the darkness,+ but the darkness has not overpowered it. (Ref.B)

Too often is forgotten that in this opening is been spoken about a “Word” which is the result of speaking or uttering sounds forming words.

This opening of John’s gospel is undoubtedly one of the Trinitarians most favourite proof-texts, which explains their habitual misreading of it.  Often they do not look at the original text nor do not see how the apostle John wanted to create his gospel as a parallel to the Bereshith or Genesis Book of Moses. In that first book of the Pentateuch Moses tells us about a sound sounding through the void and by the Word of God things coming into being. Every time God spoke, His Word sounded and something else came into existence. As such the world was created before man was created. John looks at that world in which the first man was created from dust, as the old world, because for the apostle the world now had come into a new stadium after Christ Jesus had given his life for mankind. For John it was clear that his master was the promised Messiah, the solution against the curse of death. He was convinced that Jesus was that long awaited person, who could bring salvation to all mankind. For him it was clear that Jesus was the sent one from God.

His Only-begotten Son and the Word of God 1885...

His Only-begotten Son and the Word of God 1885-1896 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Baptism of Christ

Baptism of Christ (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“And behold a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” (Matthew 3:17 KJBPNV)

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16 KJBPNV)

“30 And the angel said to her, Fear not, Mary: for you have found favor with God. 31 And, behold, you shall conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name YAHSHUA. 32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give to him the throne of his father David: 33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob forever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end. 34 Then said Mary to the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? 35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:30-35 KJBPNV)

“21  Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Yahshua also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, You are my beloved Son; in you I am well pleased. 23 And Yahshua himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was \@the son\@ of Heli,” (Luke 3:21-23 KJBPNV)

“3 Even so we, when we were children, were in bondage under the elements of the world: 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, 5 To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons. 6 And because you are sons, God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father. 7 Therefore you are no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through the Messiah.” (Galatians 4:3-7 KJBPNV)

But the man of flesh and blood John came to see and love, was more than just a sent one or prophet from God. He also became convinced that the prophet Jeshua or Jesus was the Way to God = not the way to himself (which it would be when Jesus is God).

“Yahshua said to him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man comes to the Father, but by me.” (John 14:6 KJBPNV)

“I am the door: by me if any man enters in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.” (John 10:9 KJBPNV)

“By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” (Romans 5:2 KJBPNV)

“For through him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.” (Ephesians 2:18 KJBPNV)

“By a new and living way, which he has consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh;” (Hebrews 10:20 KJBPNV)

A lot of Christians do not seem to get what it means to be the way to something or some one. A lot also do not seem to see the difference between ‘The God’ and ‘a god‘ and ignore to see that ‘a’ or ‘the’ word is something which is spoken and do want to read ‘the Word was God’ as ‘Jesus was God’, even though it says ‘Word’.

‘But “Word” is just another name for Jesus’,

responds the Trinitarian,

‘John is just being enigmatic’.

But if this were the case, why call Jesus ‘Word’ here and call him ‘Jesus’ throughout the rest of the gospel. No, something more subtle is going on here.

wonders brother .

He further writes:

It is important to point out from the start that the idea that the Word is a person is entirely the assumption of the interpreter. In Greek pronouns (e.g. he, she, it) are used rarely, they are usually implied by the verb, and the gender of the follows the gender of the subject of the clause. In Greek ‘Word’ (logos) is a masculine noun and therefore the verbs in that follow logos are also masculine. However, this tells us nothing about whether the Word is a ‘he’ or ‘it’, because whichever is the case the verbs would be masculine. So we cannot start considering John 1 by looking at pronouns. Instead we need to look at what the Word would have meant to first century readers of John’s gospel.

In between the testaments there was an important concept in Jewish literature: Wisdom. This was based upon the book of Proverbs, which personifies wisdom as a woman. This concept was developed in two (non-canonical) books: Wisdom of Sirach (or Ecclesiasticus) and Wisdom of Solomon. These two books are not scripture, but they are important because they tell us about the concepts that would have been familiar to the early Christians. In these books Wisdom is described as being spoken by God (Sirach 24:3) and is called ‘Word’ (logos; Wisdom 9:1-2).

John’s account of the Word parallels these earlier discourses about Wisdom. For instance, Wisdom is said to have been active at Creation (Proverbs 8:22, 30; 3:19-20; Sirach 42:21; Wisdom 9:1-2, 9). However, Wisdom is consistently personified as a female, i.e. ‘she’ (Proverbs 7:4; Sirach 4:11, 6:22; Wisdom 6:12-21). To the first century Jew there would have been no problem in saying that ‘the Word was God’, because Wisdom was not seen as a separate person or a second God but as an expression of God. So when John says ‘in the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God’, he was not saying anything that anything first century Jewish monotheist could not say ‘amen’ to, because they knew what he was talking about.

The radical part of John’s introduction is to say that this Word became flesh (John 1:14), that Jesus was this embodiment of this Word/Wisdom. It may seem very weird to modern readers to talk about concepts like wisdom as though they were people and then having it made into a human baby, but as we have seen this kind of talk would have been familiar to John’s original readers. And though John is making profound claims about Jesus, he is not saying that Jesus existed as a person before his birth and he is not saying that Jesus is God.


Preceding articles

The true light in recorded words

Who Is Jesus? God, or unique Man?

The saviour Jesus his godly side

The saviour Jesus his human side

Jesus the “God-Man”: Really?

To be continued: The habitual misreading of John 1 and the ‘Word being God’ #2


Additional reading

  1. The very very beginning 2 The Word and words
  2. Genesis – Story of creation 6 Genesis 3:13-24 Enmity and curse
  3. The 1st Adam in the Hebrew Scriptures #3 With his partner
  4. Also remember that God demanded not to have other Gods before Him
  5. Looking for answers on the question Is there a God #2 Pantheon of gods and celebrations
  6. Have no other gods besides Me
  7. A god who gave his people commandments and laws he knew they never could keep to it
  8. Blindness in the Christian world
  9. Word-Verbum-Logos-Ereyga
  10. The Word being a quality or aspect of God Himself
  11. Finding and Understanding Words and Meanings
  12. Missional hermeneutics 1/5
  13. Missional hermeneutics 2/5
  14. Nazarene Commentary Matthew 3:13-17 – Jesus Declared God’s Son at His Baptism
  15. Nazarene Commentary Luke 3:1, 2 – Factual Data
  16. Making time for God is crucial
  17. Around pre-existence of Christ
  18. Jesus begotten Son of God #9 Two millennia ago conceived or begotten


Further reading

  1. Day 1 – John 1 – John’s Introduction
  2. The Week of Christmas 2016 – John 1:1, 14a
  3. Daily Gospel Reading – John 1:1-18
  4. Sermon Manuscript: Who is Jesus? John 1:1-18
  5. Second Sunday of Christmas 2016 – John 1:10-11
  6. Second Sunday of Christmas 2016 – John 1:14
  7. The Word Became Flesh and Dwelt Among Us
  8. Poetry Mondays: John 1
  9. John 1:4
  10. John 1:7
  11. John 1:10
  12. John 1:11
  13. John 1:12
  14. Foundations
  15. An Islamic View Of The Trinity
  16. Sermon: Loving Creation
  17. The Word Became
  18. A Benediction: The Word Became Flesh
  19. Deity Downsized
  20. Sublime Paradox
  21. Embodied Theology
  22. The Man Who Made the World
  23. The Word Became Flesh: A Short Series of Meditations on the Incarnation from John Chapter One
  24. The Word Became Flesh, Part One
  25. The Word Became Flesh, Part Two
  26. The Word Became Flesh, Part Three
  27. Not Content to Be God
  28. Give Me A Minute – Who Is Jesus?
  29. Who Is Jesus?
  30. Jesus, Son of God and Son of Man (John 1)
  31. Jesus the son of God, Jesus the son of man – Part 1
  32. Jesus the son of God, Jesus the son of man – Part 2
  33. The Names of Jesus: Son of God
  34. Yeshua Jesus Christ claimed He was God, well was He?
  35. If Jesus is not God…
  36. Talking About Jesus
  37. Only Begotten
  38. To see and know God: The revelation of Jesus
  39. The Claims of Christ: What Makes Jesus Unique?
  40. My God and Your God
  41. O Ye of Little Faith
  42. In the Presence of the Glory of God
  43. The Gift Of No Condemnation
  44. Light 12-25-16
  45. You are a Light
  46. Light in the Darkness
  47. Darkness and Light
  48. Love Life: You may have eternal life!
  49. when the Son became man
  50. “The Lamb is the answer” (John 1:29-42)
  51. Unspeakable grief – when our words fail: The Word.
  52. Had I Only Known It Was You!
  53. About Religion…
  54. The State of the Church Changed When the Word was Made Flesh
  55. R.C. Sproul quote
  56. False fantasies
  57. Telling the Truth Gracefully



Posted in Bible Study & Research, Jehovah Yahweh God - English articles, Jesus Christ Jeshua Messiah, Life and Death, Trinity | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

Jesus the “God-Man”: Really?

Jesus the “God-Man”: Really?

by Greg Deuble, Australia

The majority of professing Christians — whether Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, or Protestant — confess that Jesus is “fully God” and at the same time “fully man.” That is to say, Jesus is 100% God and 100% man simultaneously.

These two “natures” — the Divine Son of God and the human-born Son of Man — are thus alleged to be in perfect union in the one person of Jesus Christ. The technical and theological term for this perfect union of the two natures is “hypostatic union.” Thus, to qualify as “orthodox” one is urged to believe that Jesus Christ is the co-eternal, co-equal

“God the Son,” second Person of the Divine Trinity while at the same time true man: one Person with two indivisible natures, the perfect “God-man.”
Throughout the generations since this doctrine was first officially endorsed and (often cruelly) enforced — from the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451 onwards — anybody who has dared to ask reasonable questions as to how this doctrine is both a Biblical and logical impossibility has been ostracised.

So, at the risk of being “heterodox” (i.e. not “orthodox”) I am going to ask some questions, based solely on the Scriptural  revelations concerning the Person of the God of the Bible, and concerning the nature of man. These are questions that many outstanding minds who also profess faith in the Living God have posed in every generation since Chalcedon in 451, so I am in no way a lone ranger in my quest for sanity and sound Bible reading.

Holy Trinity by Fridolin Leiber (1853–1912)

Holy Trinity by Fridolin Leiber (1853–1912) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Before proceeding, let us be absolutely clear as to the orthodox belief. For orthodox Christianity, Jesus cannot possess only some human qualities; he must possess all, so as to qualify as fully human.
At the same time, he cannot possess only some divine qualities; he must have all to qualify as fully Divine. Jesus must be 100% God and 100% man at the same time.
A moment’s reflection will show this proposition is impossible by both Biblical and logical standards. Let us take one simple example from the lips of Jesus himself:

“But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone” (Matt. 24:36).

This verse is highly problematic for the “hypostatic union” theory. How can Jesus be “fully God” and not know something so crucial that affects the history of the entire globe? Was Jesus speaking the absolute truth when he said he actually doesn’t know the hour? And was Jesus speaking the absolute truth when he said his Father alone knows the hour? According to Jesus, no one else — not even the angels in heaven nor even himself the Son — knows the hour.

The usual desperate wriggle-out from this dilemma runs something like this: What Jesus predicates of himself, namely ignorance, is true of him as a human, though it is not true of him as Divine. As the God-Man, Jesus is simultaneously omniscient as God (in company with the other Persons in the Godhead) and ignorant of some things as a man (in company with other persons of the human race).

Ah, I get it! Jesus is simultaneously aware and ignorant of this fact. So he knows the truth (because he is all-knowing as God) but then informs himself that he does not know this fact because he is simultaneously human?
So Jesus knows that he doesn’t know what he knows, and this is the absolute truth of the matter, right?

Do we really suppose the disciples who heard Jesus utter this “truth” thought to themselves,

“Oh, that means he doesn’t know as a human, but of course, he knows as God”?

Forgive the irony in my typing finger, but no wonder it took the Gentile Church 300 years to come up with this so-called answer! The stubborn exegetical fact of Scripture is that Jesus wasn’t talking about his own divine nature versus his human nature. Jesus specifically says

“only the Father knows”

— which means that neither of Jesus’ “two natures” knows either!

No, the problem, of course, is not in what the text says. The problem is reading the text according to the paradigm of the so-called “hypostatic union.” Biblical exegesis must be made to fit with our traditions at all costs, no matter how awkward. But that is dangerously backwards!

Let’s face the truth Jesus tells here. There are some things that he as the Son of God does not know. What causes the angst is the doctrine that Jesus is 100% God and 100% man at the same time.

Which is to make the nonsensical assertion that Jesus knows all things and does not know all things simultaneously!

So, how would you like your theological fruitcake cooked? Plain, according to what the text says, or with plenty of added man-invented concoctions according to what the Church has dictated for centuries one must believe under pain of persecution, excommunication or threat?

To be human means one is prone to limitations in knowledge. To be God means One has no limitations and is perfect and complete in all knowledge. You can’t have it both ways at the same time.

This is to make the orthodox Jesus schizophrenic, surely? By definition a thing cannot be the opposite of itself.

A thing cannot be perfect and imperfect at the same time.

The presence of one of these qualities implies the absence of the other. Jesus was either one or the other. He cannot logically be both. To believe he can be both unlimited and limited at the same time makes no more sense than if I were to tell you I just saw a square circle! Would I be telling you the circle was not round, in which case it would not be a circle? Or would I be saying the square was circular? This is to speak meaningless nonsense.

It’s a sheer impossibility, unless we start playing fast and loose with the definition of what a circle is and what a square is. Or what would you think of my sanity if I spoke of hot ice cubes? Imaginative it might be, but sensible and factual it is not.

Thus, to say that someone is all-knowing and yet does not know all things at the same time is to say that “X” and “not X” can both be true. This is either to abandon the meaning of words or else to abandon logic, and in either case it means we are speaking nonsense that can have no meaning for us.

But can’t God do anything He chooses to do? Of course He can — except those things that are inconsistent with being God. Can He choose to be evil or ignorant? Could He be the Devil or nothing at all? May it never be!

The Christian God is the Eternal God of Israel, the God of the Universe and will never nor can ever be anything other than that God. He is the God of Truth who cannot lie.

So, if we want to say, “God did and did not” or “God is and is not” simultaneously our statements are meaningless. Is God pleased with nonsense? When we say Jesus is perfect God and perfect man at the same time we are saying two opposite things which cannot be possible, even for the Almighty! Let’s face it — there are some things even God cannot do, or He ceases to be God.

Let’s take another Bible example to illustrate the dilemma of the “orthodox” God-Man theory. Jesus tells us in John 4:24 that “God is Spirit.” Jesus means that God (Who in the previous verse he calls “the Father”) operates through His spirit. This ought to be obvious because He existed before the universe of matter. God created matter and does not consist of that which He created. It is therefore axiomatic that God Who is Spirit is not composed of anything that can decompose or change. As Spirit He exists outside of creation and unlike matter cannot be divided. This is also why God is able to say,

“I the LORD change not” (Mal. 3:6).

Fundamental to the God of the Bible is His transcendence and what the theologians call His immutability, that is, His unchangeable nature.

The absence of change in His wholeness is the basis for the absence of any divisibility in God. As Spirit, God fills space and time in the physical universe, but nothing in the physical universe becomes God as a result of being filled by Him. The universe cannot contain Him. God is Spirit, not changeable material, which is why He is an indivisible One.

God Himself draws a clear line of distinction between Himself as Spirit and men as “flesh.” When Israel was running off to Egypt for help in time of trouble, they were charged with making a foolish swap. God wryly points out,

“Now the Egyptians are men, and not God, and their horses are flesh and not spirit” (Isa. 31:3).

The categories of flesh and spirit are not to be confused or mixed. Note that God puts men and horses in the one and same category of physical “flesh” and puts Himself in another category as Spirit. It is the pagan nations, the Gentiles, who always mix Spirit and matter and the Bible calls this the sin of idolatry!

Frans Floris - The Sacrifice of Jesus Christ, ...

Frans Floris – The Sacrifice of Jesus Christ, Son of God, Gathering and Protecting Mankind – WGA7949 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Jesus himself knew this. Contrast Jesus’ definition of God who is spirit with his own description of himself.

After his resurrection from the dead Jesus challenged his disciples,

“See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself; touch me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have” (Luke 24:39).

Jesus puts himself, even in his resurrected state, as completely physical. Jesus thus puts himself in a different category altogether from “the Father” whom he has defined for us as spirit.

This is why the God of the Bible is defined as inherently “immortal.” Twice in one little letter the apostle Paul describes God as immortal. He writes that

“the only God” is “eternal, immortal, invisible” (1 Tim.1:17).

The particular Greek word here for “immortal” means “incorruptible.” God is spirit and as such His essential nature can never decay. By definition God is eternally incorruptible!

Now, again in the same letter Paul writes that this God “alone possesses immortality” (1 Tim. 6:16). Here Paul uses a different word to convey immortality. It is the word that means “never dying,” “incapable of death.”

By definition God “alone” and all by Himself possesses the quality of never being able to die. It is impossible for God to die! When we put these two verses together we are meant to understand that God “alone” is “the only God” who possesses immortality and by definition cannot die, and therefore cannot decay.

Contrast this with Jesus. The Scripture tells us that when Jesus was buried he was in a state of “decay” (Acts 2:27). Jesus was dead and corruptible. He was a man.

And were it not for the faithfulness and the power of God his Father who alone possesses immortality, Jesus would have rotted in the grave. (It is not without accident that every single verse in the NT that declares Jesus’ resurrection tells us it was God who brought him up from the grave from among the dead. Every verse! There is not a verse anywhere that tells us, as many of our hymns and choruses do, that Jesus raised himself up from the dead.God honoured Jesus’ faithful obedience with the gift of his immortality.) Death can never again touch Jesus.

And this is the hope of every believer in Christ who is the “first-fruits of those who sleep [i.e. are dead]” (1 Cor. 15:20). Because he lives we live and will forever via resurrection. Jesus is the first man whom God has granted to have immortality. But it was not always so. He was corruptible man for he died. Jesus is now called “the living one” but he says he was dead but behold, he is alive now forevermore (Rev. 1:18). This cannot be said of God.

I know I will be challenged that if Jesus was not God, then how can I be saved? I am often assured that only God was big enough to pay the infinite price of all the world’s sin. This is why Jesus had to be the God-Man for a so-called “mere man” could not be a big enough Saviour for all men.

Now stop and think about this proposition. If Jesus is the pre-existent, pre-human Divine Son he is purported to be, then this person must by reason of his Divinity be immortal and so could not have died on the cross for my sins. And it will not do to appeal to the fact that Jesus had “two natures” and that it was only his human nature that died on the cross. If it was only his human nature that died, how on this theory does the Trinitarian still maintain that Jesus had to be God otherwise I have no Saviour?

On this theory it was the God part or nature that did not die anyway! On this theory it was only the “mere human” nature of Jesus that died. And don’t forget the “hypostatic union” teaches the two natures are indivisible anyway!

So I am still left with no Saviour according to the popular theory. I am left with a God-Man who could not by definition die, but died anyway! And there is not a single theologian yet who has been able to explain this, which is a sure sign it is a man-made “God-man” the Church has constructed.

So the important question is: How does the death of Jesus save us? He tells us that,

“as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have eternal life” (John 3:14-15).

This refers to the incident recorded in Numbers 21:7-9 in which the people were dying from the bites of the poisonous snakes. Moses was instructed by God to make a serpent of brass and set it on a pole for all to see; those who believed as they looked were saved from the poison of the snakes. Jesus compares this incident to faith in him:

“As Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have the life of the age to come.”

The point here should be very clear; the saving of the thousands who looked to the brass serpent had nothing whatever to do with anything inherent in that bronze serpent — they were saved by God through faith in His promise that whoever looked and believed would be saved. God said to Moses,

“Make a fiery serpent and set it on a pole, and everyone who is bitten, when he sees it, shall live” (Num. 21:8).

The next verse confirms that those who had the faith to look lived. The same is true for all who are looking to Jesus for salvation through obedient faith.

It is God’s saving power in Christ which saves from sin and death. It is therefore not something inherent in the constitution of Christ that saves, but it is God our Father who saves us in and through Christ. Salvation is entirely God’s work, and by His grace alone. Jesus is the mediating and instrumental agency through whom God saves. Jesus certainly

“humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death on a cross” (Phil. 2:8).

We should not overlook the fact that as the sinless and perfectly obedient Son who was always well-pleasing to Father God, Jesus was perfectly qualified to be the one to offer a perfect offering for every man (see 1 Tim.2:6).

He was the lamb without blemish.

Let’s draw this to a close. Can one person be infinite and finite at the same time?

Can one Person, even God, be unlimited yet limited at the same time?

Can one person know all things but not know some things at the same time?

Can one person be incorruptible and immortal spirit and at the same time be decomposable and death-bound physicality? Sufficient has been raised to seriously challenge the theory of the “hypostatic union” of two completely opposite natures in the one God-Man of Church “orthodoxy.” Indeed, it may be sensibly stated that the Jesus who is “fully God” and “fully man” at the same time is in reality neither God nor man. And we will be judged by how well we respond with intelligence to revealed truth. Believing what is false is called wickedness (2 Thess. 2:11-12).


Preceding articles

Who Is Jesus? God, or unique Man?

The saviour Jesus his godly side

The saviour Jesus his human side

Redemption #4 The Passover Lamb


Additional reading

  1. Trinity matter
  2. How did the Trinity Doctrine Develop
  3. Trinity – History
  4. Trinity – Behind a false doctrine
  5. Trinity – Biblical contradiction
  6. Altered to fit a Trinity
  7. The Almighty Lord God of gods King above all gods
  8. Jehovah God Almighty greater than all gods
  9. On the Nature of Christ


Further reading

  1. MMM Day 1: Only One God Exists
  2. Torah Study Tuesday ~Ki Tisa
  3. Who is God?
  4. Adonai
  5. O Adonai…
  6. “Veni, O Adonai”
  7. No other
  8. What did Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Call Elohim (God)?
  9. Second Isaiah and the Gods of Babylon
  10. Everlasting
  11. What are you looking for?
  12. What Are You Looking For? – Sermon on John 1:29-42
  13. The Baptism of Jesus
  14. You Must Be Born Again
  15. Personal Worship
  16. Sermon for Jan 15: Which Jesus? (or: thoughts on the gospel and the Inauguration Clergy Line-Up)
  17. “Come and See!”
  18. Who Do You Behold? 
  19. There he is!
  20. John the Baptist announces Jesus as the Lamb of God
  21. The Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world
  22. The Blood Applied
  23. The Lamb of God
  24. Behold the Lamb of God!
  25. Our Leader is a Lamb
  26. Year A – Epiphany 7 – 1 Corinthians 3:10–11, 16–23
  27. Overcoming Sin by the Blood of Jesus: What Does it Really Mean?
  28. The Lord’s Supper
  29. Jesus, The Lamb of God (John 1:29)
  30. The Lamb of God 1
  31. The Lamb of God 2
  32. The Last Lamb to Be Offered
  33. Which lamb makes a difference
  34. Personal Reflections: the Lamb of God
  35. The Lamb of God and the Sins of the World
  36. Just Come and See for Yourselves (January 15, 2017)
  37. What do you say about yourself?
  38. Just Remember


Posted in Jehovah Yahweh God - English articles, Jesus Christ Jeshua Messiah, Trinitarisme, Trinity | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 5 Comments

Who Is Jesus? God, or unique Man?

Who Is Jesus? God, or unique Man?

What’s in a vowel point? The Difference Between God and Man

by Anthony Buzzard

“Adonai and Adoni are variations of pointing to distinguish divine reference from human” (Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, Brown, Driver, Briggs, under adon [ = lord]).

“The form ADONI (‘my lord’), a royal title (I Sam. 29:8), is to be carefully distinguished from the divine title ADONAI (‘my Lord’) used of Yahweh” (International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, “Lord,” 157).

“Lord in the OT is used to translate ADONAI when applied to the Divine Being. The [Hebrew] word…has a suffix [with special pointing] presumably for the sake of distinction…between divine and human appelative” (Hastings Dictionary of the Bible, “Lord,” Vol 3, p. 137).

Please consider how language works. In English you have no difficulty in recognizing the difference between HE and SHE. One letter S makes a big difference. You recognize also a big difference between god (lower-case g) and God (upper-case G).

What about “employer” and “employee”? One letter makes all the difference. In Hebrew the words for he and she contain only a difference in the vowel sound — hoo (he) and hee (she).

Few questions could be of greater importance than knowing who in the Bible is entitled to be called God (capital G).

In Hebrew there is a word for “lord.” It is ADON.

This word refers 300 times to human lords (superiors) and 30 times to THE Lord, i.e. God Himself.

English: Antienne O : " O Adonai"

Antienne O : ” O Adonai” (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are two very special forms of this word ADON. Sometimes the letters – AI are added to the end, giving you the word ADONAI (sometimes written ADONAY).

This word is known to the public because it rhymes with El Shaddai in the well – known song. El Shaddai is another name for the One God.

ADONAI means “the Supreme Lord.”

The word ADON may also have the letter -I added to it, giving the form ADONI (pronounced Adonee).

Now in Psalm 110:1 we have a unique verse. This verse appears in the New Testament 23 times. (Ps. 110:4 is quoted or alluded to another 10 times.) The importance of these verses is shown by the fact that no other verses come near to that number of allusions/quotations in the New Testament. Many verses are cited once or twice in the New Testament.

The Psalms in Hebrew and Latin. Manuscript on ...

The Psalms in Hebrew and Latin. Manuscript on parchment, 12th century. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

But these verses — Ps. 110:1, 4 — are mentioned 33 times! Ps 110:1 is a key to the identity of God and Jesus, and to the coming Kingdom (the heart of the Gospel, Luke 4:43, Acts 8:12, etc.)

Jesus quoted this verse (as reported by Matthew, Mark and Luke) to put an end to the counter-arguments of the religious authorities of his day, the Pharisees (see Matt. 22: 41-46).

Psalm 110:1 is quoted in the NT as follows:

Jesus: Matt. 22:44; Matt. 26:64; Mark 12:36; Mark 14:62; Mark 16:19; Luke 20:42, 43; Luke 22:69.

Peter (Luke): Acts 2:33; Acts 2:34, 35 (in this verse Peter introduces Christianity to the crowd at Pentecost and tells us that Jesus has been made “Lord” on the basis of Ps 110:1); Acts 5:31; Acts 7:55-56.

Paul: Rom 8:34; I Cor. 15:25; Eph 1:20; Eph 2:6; Col 3:1; Heb 1:3; Heb 1:13; Heb 8:1; Heb. 10:12-13; Heb. 12:2.

Peter: I Pet. 3:22.

Jesus (John): Rev. 3:21.

This Psalm covers the whole range of the New Testament and Jesus is recorded as quoting it no less than eight times. It is a favorite “proof-text” of the NT Christians.

The Psalm is a special divine oracle. The text reads (Ps. 110:1):

“The oracle of YAHWEH (LORD) to my lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’”

The first “lord” is the word YAHWEH which appears in many English versions as LORD (all capitals).

The second lord is ADONI (my lord). We have already noted that the Hebrew word ADON (lord) has a special ending on it when it refers to the One God — ADONAI (449 times in the OT). But when the word has the ending ‘I,’ i.e. ADONI (adonee), it never refers to God but always to a human superior (occasionally an angel). So we know that the Messiah is distinguished from ADONAI (God), as the human superior of David, David’s lord, Adoni.

This Psalm was believed to be a Messianic oracle both by Jesus and by the rabbis of his day.

Jesus knew that he, the Messiah, was David’s lord as well as David’s son. The Pharisees were not prepared to recognize Jesus as the lord of David, though they knew he was a descendant of David.

The Hebrew language is precise and the rabbis always held the name of the One God in the highest reverence. That is why they reserved the form ADONAI for God alone. (Jews to this day read the word ADONAI when they come to the personal name for God — Yahweh. No one knows with complete certainty how that word is to be pronounced. The Jews gave up saying it about 300 BC.)

Another Example

The OT has little ways of distinguishing words, which have momentous importance in terms of their meaning. Let me give you another example: the word AVEER (=strong or powerful). From the New International Dictionary of OT Theology and Exegesis, Vol. 1, p. 232:

“It is widely believed that the reason why the OT has two forms of the adjective AVEER is that the guardians of the text (Massorites) wished to distinguish the use of the word when applied to Yahweh from its use in other contexts.”

When NOT used of the One God, the form has an extra dot inside the “V” and is then pronounced ABEER. ABEER (with the dot) often refers to a mighty man, sometimes to the “stout of heart,” once to an angel and sometimes to a bull or a mighty steed.

The lack of a dot makes a huge difference.

AVEER refers to God. ABEER is a non-divine reference.

So with the forms of Lord, ADONAI and ADONI. ADONAI is reserved for the One God alone. No human is addressed as ADONAI. On the other hand ADONI (adonee) is reserved for human superiors. The Messiah is called ADONI, the lord of David, but never ADONAI, the One God.

Now note this interesting fact. The KJV always wrote ADONAI as Lord (with initial capital “L”). It wrote YAHWEH as LORD (all capitals).

On 193 occasions it wrote ADONI as lord (lower-case “l”), sir, or master. But on two occasions only it broke its own rule and put a capital on Lord, in Psalm 110:1 and Dan 12:8 (angel). But the word is not ADONAI, but ADONI. The RV and RSV and the NEB corrected the error and wrote “lord” (lower-case letters), preserving the correct title for the Jesus.

Jesus is ADONI the Messiah, not ADONAI, the One God. The One God is one person only. How do we know this (apart from Ps. 110:1)? The One God of Hebrew monotheism (the monotheism of Jesus, Mark 12:28ff.) is described by personal pronouns IN THE SINGULAR (“I, me, him, thou, thee, thy, my, his”) thousands upon thousands of times. Singular pronouns tell you that a person is one individual, not more. There are thus thousands of testimonies in the Bible to the unity of God, what scholars would call “unitary monotheism.”

The One God is distinguished as ADONAI (449 times) from Adoni, a human lord (195 times). This gives you 644 hundred opportunities to see the difference between God and man, based on the word “lord.” The Messiah, Son of God, is designated as Adoni, not Adonai.

Singular personal pronouns always tell you a simple fact. They describe a being who is ONE PERSON, not three. God is One singular and single Person.

“There is One God, the Father” (Paul, I Cor 8:4,6).

There are two Lords (Ps. 110:1). The Father is the One Lord God and Jesus is the Lord MESSIAH, the Son of God (Matt. 16:16). Belief that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God is the whole point of John’s Gospel (John 20:31). It is also the whole point of the whole Bible. Note how Luke introduced Jesus as the Lord Messiah (Luke 2:11)

And Jesus describes the One God, his Father, as “the only true God” (John 17:3) and “the one who alone is God” (John 5:44). “The one who alone is God” is another way of saying “the only one who is God.” Jesus was talking about the Father. If the Father is “the only one who is God,” and Jesus is a different person, Jesus is distinguished from the One God.

Do you believe with Jesus that the Father is “the only one who is God” (John 5:44)? The Father is called God 1326 times in the NT. The word “God” is used of Jesus twice for certain. But don’t forget that in the first century AD elevated humans were sometimes called “God.” This is also true in the Bible. The judges of Israel were called “Gods” (Ps.82:6). Jesus used that verse to demonstrate that he was claiming to be the Son of God, not God Himself (John 10:34-36). The Roman emperor was also called “God.” This is a use of “God” to which we are not accustomed. But the Bible must be understood in its own context, not ours. Without that basic key to interpretation we are likely to misread the Bible at the most fundamental level.

Psalm 2 is a perfect parallel to Psalm 110:1. In that psalm the One God Yahweh speaks to MY KING/ MY SON. That person, who is as distinct from Yahweh as any son is distinct from his father, is also called “the Lord’s Messiah” (Ps. 2:2) (Note the valuable key provided by equivalent phrases: the one defines the other to tell us who Jesus is.) That King/Son/Messiah is the Jesus of the Bible: the Son of the One God, “the Lord Messiah” (Luke 2:11), “the Lord’s Messiah” (Luke 2:26). Note that in the NT God is called

“the God of our Lord Jesus Christ.”

That should tell you that they are not coequal! There is One Lord God and one Lord Messiah. In Scripture they are separate individuals, working in the closest harmony. The Messiah is the obedient Son of his Father. The Father is the One God. The Messiah functions as the perfectly obedient agent of his Father who “begat” him. To be “begotten,” of course, is to have a beginning in time, quite contrary to popular theories, dating from the “Church Fathers,” that the Son had no beginning. If he had no beginning he could not, by simple definition of words, be “begotten” by his Father, God.

Should anyone be tempted to deny the validity of the vowel points, there is a way to demonstrate that the difference between “the Lord” (adonai) and “my lord” (adoni) existed in the time of Jesus and before.

The New Testament when it quotes Psalm 110:1 renders l’adoni as “to my lord” (to kurio mou). But it renders adonai (v. 5 and very often elsewhere) as “the Lord” (kurios). This proves that the difference between adonai and adoni was recognized and reported in Greek long before the Masoretic vowel points fixed the ancient, oral tradition permanently in writing. Don’t forget, too, the prodigious accuracy of the Masorites who copied the text.

Between 600 and 1000 AD they “hedged in” the consonantal text with minute attention to accuracy and detail. Talmud R. Ishmael cautioned:

“My son, be careful because your work is the work of heaven; should you omit even one letter or add even one letter, the whole world would be destroyed” (Sota 2a, cited by Bruce Waltke, “The Reliability of the OT Text,” in the New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, Vol I, p. 60).

Points to Ponder


Preceding articles

The saviour Jesus his godly side

The saviour Jesus his human side


Additional articles

  1. First mention of a solution against death 4 A seed for mankind
  2. First mention of a solution against death 7 Human sacrifice
  3. Truth, doubt or blindness
  4. About a man who changed history of humankind
  5. Christ begotten through the power of the Holy Spirit
  6. Jesus begotten Son of God #8 Found Divinely Created not Incarnated
  7. Jesus begotten Son of God #9 Two millennia ago conceived or begotten
  8. Jesus begotten Son of God #12 Son of God
  9. Jesus begotten Son of God #13 Pre-existence excluding virginal birth of the Only One Transposed
  10. Jesus begotten Son of God #18 Believing in inhuman or human person
  11. On the Nature of Christ
  12. The faithful God
  13. Our life depending on faith
  14. Wishing lanterns and Christmas
  15. Altered to fit a Trinity
  16. Trinity matter
  17. Trinity – History
  18. Trinity – Behind a false doctrine
  19. Trinity – Biblical contradiction
  20. How did the Trinity Doctrine Develop
  21. The Almighty Lord God of gods King above all gods
  22. Jehovah God Almighty greater than all gods


Further related articles

  1. Heart Worship
  2. Offering Spiritual Sacrifices in Praise to God
  3. MMM Day 1: Only One God Exists
  4. Torah Study Tuesday ~Ki Tisa
  5. Time of my Life…
  6. Who is God?
  7. Adonai
  8. O Adonai…
  9. “Veni, O Adonai”
  10. No other
  11. What did Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Call Elohim (God)?
  12. Second Isaiah and the Gods of Babylon
  13. Everlasting
  14. A word from The Lord…in this Spring Season
  15. 54 of 100: Why is Jesus called Lord? Whats the difference between LORD, Lord & lord and How Saul was King, Lord and Messiah
  16. Divine Name
  17. The Book Of Revelation- Chapter 1 (Intro & Insights)
  18. Die Name van God






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The saviour Jesus his human side

As mentioned, Jesus also possessed a human site and a human mind. That kept mainly in: conceding a tendency to give in to human desires, arising from what the Bible calls his “flesh”. It was this tendency which he had to overcome to triumph.

Jesus and Nicodemus, Crijn Hendricksz, 1616–1645.

Jesus and Nicodemus, Crijn Hendricksz, 1616–1645. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

He was born of Mary as any other human baby. When he spoke of the need to be born again (see Chapter 13, “The washing of regeneration) the scribe Nicodemus  understood him wrongly. He took that literally and asked, surprised

“How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb and be born? “

Jesus had assumed that it would be clear to Nicodemus that this was not meant literally. Yet millions of Christians believe that Jesus as an adult, even more so, as an existing eternal God, has entered into Mary’s womb to be born as an infant. The Bible knows nothing of such a remarkable event. There is no indication that his life did not began in Mary’s womb. Although he was a very intelligent child, he had to learn. Though God is omniscient and as such knows everything this son of God did not know anything at the beginning and had to learn everything. When he had learned everything from the village rabbi, he took on his first visit to the temple in Jerusalem in order to  further increase his knowledge of Scripture at the professors’ theological university “of his day  listening to the teachers and questioning them.

“And it came to pass, after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the teachers, both hearing them, and asking them questions:” (Luke 2:46 ASV)

It taught him what awaited him as “suffering servant of the Lord”, described in a series of four or five prophecies in Isaiah. If he had been out God from eternity he had already possessed that knowledge.

The first of that series prophecies told him:

“1  Behold, my servant, whom I uphold; my chosen, in whom my soul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him; he will bring forth justice to the Gentiles. 2 He will not cry, nor lift up his voice, nor cause it to be heard in the street.” (Isaiah 42:1-2 ASV)

Nicodemus helping to take down Jesus’ body from the cross (Pietà, by Michelangelo)

That told him that he would have all the power of God’s Spirit, but he did not have to use that power to establish his dominion by force. Rather, he should go around preaching the word as a humble preacher. In the second prophecy is stated:

“But I said, I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nought and vanity; yet surely the justice [due] to me is with Jehovah, and my recompense with my God.” (Isaiah 49:4 ASV)

That had to teach him that the people would reject his preaching, but he nevertheless had to trust in God. The third prophecy says:

“I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.” (Isaiah 50:6 ASV)

As such we can find a man who was to our transgressions spit at and wounded, bruised for our iniquities. The word of God tells us that nobody can see God an live and that man can do nothing to God, but we can see that Jesus did not hide himself and was seen by many who did a lot of things to him. Man can do God nothing. God can not die, but Jesus had to bear the stripes of the whipping and the nails going through his hands and feet, bringing him to his death at the wooden stake, giving himself as a guilt offering.

“I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not my face from shame and spitting.” (Isaiah 50:6 ASV)

The text he came to know very well, he also very well understood how it reflected on him, who was sent by God.

That taught him that he would be mistreated for his preaching. The fourth prophecy says thus:

“But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities; the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:5 ASV)

“Yet it pleased Jehovah to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of Jehovah shall prosper in his hand.” (Isaiah 53:10 ASV)

That told him that the symbolism of the guilt offering was applied to him and that he would die for the sins of others. It also told him what kind of death that would be: death (pierced) on the piece of wood, probably the most terrible form of execution that man has invented ever. But finally it told him that God would resurrect him back from the dead and that others by his sacrificial death would live well; there he had to trust it. Finally, there is a prophecy, of which one is not sure it also belongs to this series. It says:

“The Spirit of the Lord Jehovah is upon me; because Jehovah hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening [of the prison] to them that are bound;” (Isaiah 61:1 ASV)

We may find the sent one from God blessed with God’s Spirit being upon him, because the Most High God Jehovah had anointed him. It should be clear to us that Jesus was sent to bring good tidings to the meek, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim to captives and to those in prison.

That taught Jesus what his task was: to preach the Gospel and liberate people from the prison of sin and from the treadmill of sin and death. That should stand him in mind for his work.

Once become an adult he had to pass the same test as Adam before him. That ordeal was even harder for him than for Adam, because he was at his baptism equipped with all what the Bible expresses as God’s strength, “anointed with the Holy Spirit“. It enabled him to reach for the kingdom with its own resources and strength that was promised him. But he had to the contrary, go the path of humility and suffering and wait patiently for God to give him the kingship. He had to learn to say:

“Not my will, but thine be done.”

Here once more we should come to see that Jesus is not God because when he would be God it would always be God His Will when Jesus wanted to do something. Though Jesus declares that it is not his will which has to be done but the Will of God.

Unlike Adam, he did not fail. The apostle Paul describes incisively in his letter to the church at Philippi. He writes:

“5 Have this mind in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 6 who, existing in the form of God, counted not the being on an equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, being made in the likeness of men; 8 and being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, becoming obedient [even] unto death, yea, the death of the cross.” (Philippians 2:5-8 ASV)

This passage is full of references to the Old Testament. Jesus was “in the form of God.” This refers to Adam who was created in the “image of God” (Genesis 1:27). He having his equality with God “does not consider it robbery”. Again referring to Adam, who tried reaching for the forbidden fruit to be “like God” (Genesis 3: 5). He Himself ’emptied’ himself. Which refers to the “fourth prophecy of the servant of the Lord” where we read that He “poured out his life (same basic meaning) in death.” He has “took on the form of a servant”. That means that he voluntarily took on the the role assigned to him in the series of prophecies concerning the suffering servant of the Lord: He’s gone the way of the cross, rather than using his power. Who at this point reads a modern translation sees how modern translators struggle with the fact that here is written that Jesus being equal with God is not “considered a robbery,” while he already was equal to God in their views. A round of contemporary translations shows how creative, but not very accurate text this is dissolved.

In contemporary Dutch Bibles you may find (translated to English)

Petrus Canisius:

“For though he had God’s stature and his equality with God did not have to consider robbery  … (!)”

Good News Bible:

“He had the form of God, but did not jealously clung to his equality with God.”

The Book:

“Who, though He was God Himself has not clung to his divine right.”

Apparently modern translators did not hesitate to replace the actual text of the Bible by what they believe the apostle had to write! But let us return to the literal and original text.

Paul goes on to describe us what is the result:

“Wherefore also God highly exalted him, and gave unto him the name which is above every name;” (Philippians 2:9 ASV)

It was because Jesus obeyed God that he was highly exalted by God. Again when Jesus would be God he then would already been above all – Almighty Jehovah God always being the Most High – , though we learn that at first Jesus was lower than angels.

“Thou madest him a little lower than the angels; Thou crownedst him with glory and honor, And didst set him over the works of thy hands:” (Hebrews 2:7 ASV)

“But we behold him who hath been made a little lower than the angels, [even] Jesus, because of the suffering of death crowned with glory and honor, that by the grace of God he should taste of death for every [man].” (Hebrews 2:9 ASV)

This may, as some theologians admit, only mean that Jesus got a higher position than before his crucifixion after his resurrection, and that it is the Father who gave him that position. But there has been no room for the idea that he from eternity would be alike to the Father. He succeeded where Adam failed, and that way he could be the saviour. Paul emphasizes this when he calls him “the second Adam” (1 Cor. 15:45)

“So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul. The last Adam [became] a life-giving spirit.” (1 Corinthians 15:45 ASV)


Preceding articles

2020 years ago, the road was opened

The saviour Jesus his godly side

Not about personal salvation but about a bigger Plan

Redemption #2 Biblical solution

Redemption #4 The Passover Lamb

Dutch version / Nederlandse versie: De Verlosser 2 Zijn menselijke kant


Additional reading

  1. Looking at the seen and going for the unseen
  2. The 1st Adam in the Hebrew Scriptures #7 Promise and solution
  3. Jesus & God
  4. The Almighty Lord God above all gods
  5. Words of God to stand and to be followed and to believe
  6. When we think of Jesus let us strive to realise what he means to us
  7. That everyone may honour the Son and sent one from God
  8. The Biblical contradiction of the Trinity creed – Different Biblical characters clearly identified
  9. Forbidden fruit


Further reading

  1. Perplexed
  2. The Angel of the Lord
  3. LB 58… “Where Else Would A Lamb Be Born?”
  4. “The First Coming Of Jesus” 01/01
  5. “The Lesson Of Bethlehem” 01/02
  6. Unto Us A Child is Born
  7. The Birth of Jesus {The Bible Project}
  8. The Characters of Christmas – Jesus
  9. How the Bible Proclaims Jesus
  10. The Journey of Jesus ( by Fenny West)
  11. The Tradition of Christmas: Kent’s Perspective
  12. The Commercialization of Christmas
  13. A Red-Nosed Reindeer and the Gospel: A Christmas Message from Bishop Frederick Henry
  14. Servant of God
  15. A Good Servant of God
  16. A Faithful Servant of God
  17. “no more a servant, but a son”
  18. A mature servant
  19. A Light to the Nations
  20. Anointed by the Spirit to Be Gentle “Christs”
  21. You are an Instrument of Praise
  22. Attitude of Leadership
  23. Sharing God’s Riches
  24. Jesus, the Mediator of a New Bureaucracy
  25. Through many eyes
  26. Brag about Jesus


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De Verlosser 3 Zijn menselijke kant

Jezus zijn menselijke kant

Zoals gezegd bezat hij ook een menselijke kant en een menselijke gezindheid. Dat hield vooral in: een neiging toe te geven aan zijn menselijke verlangens, voortkomend uit wat de Bijbel noemt zijn ‘vlees’. Het was deze neiging die hij moest overwinnen om te kunnen triomferen.

Hij werd geboren uit Maria als iedere andere menselijke baby. Toen hij sprak over de noodzaak van wedergeboren worden (zie hoofdstuk 13, ‘Het bad der wedergeboorte’) begreep de schriftgeleerde Nicodemus Hem verkeerd. Hij vatte dat letterlijk op en vroeg verbaasd

“Hoe kan een mens geboren worden als hij oud is? Kan hij dan voor de tweede maal in de moederschoot ingaan en geboren worden?”

Nicodemus die helpt om Jesus neer te halen van de martelpaal (Pietà, by Michelangelo).

Jezus had aangenomen dat het Nicodemus duidelijk zou zijn dat dit niet letterlijk bedoeld kon zijn. Toch geloven miljoenen christenen dat Jezus als volwassene, meer nog: als een van eeuwigheid bestaande God, is ingegaan in Maria’s moederschoot, om als zuigeling geboren te worden. De Bijbel weet niets van zo’n merkwaardige gebeurtenis. Er is geen enkele aanduiding dat zijn leven niet in Maria’s moederschoot een aanvang nam. Weliswaar was hij een bijzonder intelligent kind, maar toch moest hij leren. Toen hij uitgeleerd was bij de dorpsrabbi greep hij zijn eerste bezoek aan de tempel te Jeruzalem aan om bij de professoren van de ‘theologische universiteit’ van zijn dagen zijn kennis van de Schrift verder te vermeerderen (Luc. 2:46).

“Na drie dagen vonden ze Hem in de tempel, terwijl Hij te midden der leraars zat, naar hen luisterde en hen ondervroeg;” (Lukas 2:46 Canis)

Het leerde hem wat hem te wachten stond als ‘lijdende knecht des Heren’, beschreven in een reeks van vier of vijf profetieën in Jesaja. Als hij van eeuwigheid af God was geweest had hij al die kennis al bezeten.

De eerste van die reeks profetieën vertelde Hem:

“Ik heb mijn Geest op hem gelegd: hij zal de volken het recht openbaren. Hij zal niet schreeuwen, noch zijn stem verheffen” (Jes. 42: 1-2).

English: Christ and Nicodemus

Christus en Nicodemus (Foto credit: Wikipedia)

Dat vertelde hem dat hij alle macht van Gods Geest zou hebben, maar dat Hij die macht niet diende te gebruiken om zijn heerschappij met kracht te vestigen. Integendeel, Hij zou als een nederig prediker moeten rondgaan om het woord te prediken. In de tweede profetie staat:

“Doch ik zeide: Tevergeefs heb ik mij afgemat, voor niets en vruchteloos mijn kracht verbruikt. Evenwel, mijn recht is bij de Here en mijn vergelding is bij mijn God” (Jes. 49:4).

Dat moest hem leren dat het volk zijn prediking zou verwerpen, maar dat hij desondanks op God moest vertrouwen. De derde profetie zegt:

“Mijn rug heb ik gegeven aan wie sloegen, en mijn wangen aan wie mij de baard uittrokken; mijn gelaat heb ik niet verborgen voor smadelijk speeksel” (Jes. 50:6).

Dat leerde hem dat hij om zijn prediking zou worden mishandeld. De vierde profetie spreekt aldus:

“Om onze overtredingen werd Hij doorboord, om onze ongerechtigheden verbrijzeld; de straf die ons de vrede aanbrengt, was op hem, en door zijn striemen is ons genezing geworden… Wanneer hij zichzelf ten schuldoffer gesteld zal hebben, zal hij nakomelingen zien en een lang leven hebben” (Jes. 53:5, 10).

Dat vertelde hem dat de symboliek van het schuldoffer op hem van toepassing was en dat Hij voor de zonden van anderen zou sterven. Het vertelde hem ook welk soort dood dat zou zijn: de dood op het stuk hout (‘doorboord’), waarschijnlijk de meest vreselijke vorm van executie die de mens ooit heeft uitgevonden. Maar tenslotte vertelde het hem ook dat God hem weer uit de doden zou opwekken en dat anderen door zijn offerdood eveneens zouden leven; daar moest hij op vertrouwen. Tenslotte is er nog een profetie, waarvan men niet zeker is of die ook tot deze reeks behoort. Deze zegt:

“De Geest des Heren Heren is op mij, omdat de Here mij gezalfd heeft; Hij heeft mij gezonden om een blijde boodschap te brengen aan ootmoedigen, om te verbinden gebrokenen van hart, om voor gevangenen vrijlating uit te roepen en voor gebondenen opening der gevangenis” (Jes. 61:1).

Dat leerde hem wat zijn taak was: het evangelie te prediken en mensen bevrijden uit de gevangenis van de zonde en uit de tredmolen van zonde en dood. Dat moest hem voor ogen staan bij zijn arbeid.

Eenmaal volwassen geworden moest hij dezelfde proef doorstaan als Adam vóór hem. Die beproeving was zelfs zwaarder voor hem dan voor Adam, omdat hij bij zijn doop was uitgerust met al Gods kracht, ‘gezalfd met de Heilige Geest’ zoals de Bijbel dat uitdrukt. Het stelde hem in staat om met eigen middelen en kracht naar het koningschap te grijpen dat hem beloofd was. Maar hij moest integendeel de weg van nederigheid en lijden gaan en geduldig wachten tot God hem dat koningschap zou geven. Hij moest leren te zeggen:

“niet mijn wil, doch de uwe geschiede”.

In tegenstelling tot Adam faalde hij niet. De apostel Paulus beschrijft dat indringend in zijn brief aan de gemeente te Filippi. Hij schrijft:

“Laat die gezindheid bij u zijn, welke ook in Christus Jezus was, die, in de gestalte Gods zijnde, het Gode gelijk zijn niet als een roof heeft geacht, maar Zichzelf ontledigd heeft, en de gestalte van een dienstknecht heeft aangenomen, en aan de mensen gelijk geworden is. en in zijn uiterlijk als een mens bevonden, heeft Hij Zich vernederd en is gehoorzaam geworden tot de dood, ja, tot de dood des kruises” (Fil. 2:5-8).

Deze passage staat bol van de verwijzingen naar het OT. Jezus was ‘in de gestalte Gods’. Dit verwijst naar Adam die geschapen was naar ‘Gods beeld’ (Gen. 1:27). Hij heeft het Gode gelijk zijn ‘niet als een roof geacht’. Opnieuw een verwijzing naar Adam, die door een greep naar de verboden vrucht probeerde ‘als God’ te worden (Gen. 3:5). Hij heeft Zichzelf ‘ontledigd’. Dat verwijst naar de ‘vierde profetie aangaande de knecht des Heren’, waar we lezen dat Hij “zijn leven heeft uitgegoten (zelfde grondbetekenis) in de dood”. Hij heeft ‘de gestalte van een dienstknecht aangenomen’. dat betekent dat Hij de rol, die hem is aangewezen in de reeks profetieën aangaande de lijdende knecht des Heren, vrijwillig op zich heeft genomen: Hij is de weg van het kruis gegaan, in plaats van zijn macht te gebruiken. Wie op dit punt een moderne vertaling leest ziet hoe moderne vertalers worstelen met het feit dat hier staat dat Jezus het Gode gelijk zijn niet “als een roof heeft geacht”, terwijl Hij in hun opvattingen al gelijk aan God was. Een rondje hedendaagse vertalingen laat zien hoe dat creatief, maar niet erg tekstgetrouw, wordt opgelost.

Petrus Canisius:

“Want hoewel Hij Gods gestalte bezat en zijn gelijkheid met God geen roof hoefde (!) te achten …”

Groot Nieuws Bijbel:

“Hij had de gestalte van God, maar heeft zich niet angstvallig aan zijn gelijkheid met God vastgeklampt.”

Het Boek:

“Die, hoewel Hij God was, Zich niet heeft vastgeklampt aan zijn goddelijke rechten.”

Kennelijk deinzen moderne vertalers er niet voor terug de feitelijke tekst van de Bijbel te vervangen door wat zij menen dat de apostel had moeten schrijven! Laten wij echter terugkeren tot de letterlijke en oorspronkelijke tekst.

Paulus beschrijft ons vervolgens wat het gevolg is:

Daarom [omdat Hij gehoorzaam is geweest] heeft God Hem ook uitermate verhoogd en Hem de naam boven alle naam geschonken” (Fil. 2:9).

Dit kan, zoals sommige theologen ook toegeven, alleen maar betekenen dat Jezus na zijn opstanding een hogere positie heeft dan voor zijn kruisdood, en dat het de Vader is die hem die positie heeft geschonken. Maar dan is er al geen plaats meer voor de idee dat hij van eeuwigheid af gelijk aan de Vader zou zijn geweest. Hij slaagde waar Adam faalde, en zo kon hij de Verlosser zijn. Paulus benadrukt dit als hij Hem ‘de tweede Adam’ noemt (1 Kor. 15:45)

“Aldus staat er ook geschreven: “De eerste mens Adam werd een levende ziel”; de laatste Adam een levendmakende Geest.” (1 Corinthiërs 15:45 Canis)



Het begin van Jezus #2 Aller Begin

Het begin van Jezus #8 Beloofde Gezalfde zoon van God

Het begin van Jezus #4 Aangekondigde te komen Verlosser

Het begin van Jezus #7 Een Nieuwe Adam, zoon van Abraham

De Verlosser 1 Senior en junior

De Verlosser 2 Zijn goddelijke kant

Vervolg: Addendum 1: de leer van de “antichrist”

Engelse versie / English version: The Saviour Jesus his human side


Aanverwante lectuur

  1. Wereld waarheen #3 – de wortelscheut van David
  2. Jezus van Nazareth #2 De zoon van Maria
  3. Jezus van Nazareth #3 De Zoon van God
  4. Jezus van Nazareth #4 Die geen zonde gedaan heeft
  5. Jezus van Nazareth #5 Zijn Unieke persoonlijkheid
  6. Jezus van Nazareth #6 Zijn unieke macht
  7. Jezus van Nazareth #7 Zijn Leven van gebed
  8. De Knecht des Heren #1 De Bevrijder
  9. De Knecht des Heren #2 Gods zwaard en pijl
  10. De Knecht des Heren #3 De Gewillige leerling
  11. De Knecht des Heren #4 De Verlosser
  12. De Knecht des Heren #5 De Gezalfde gezant
  13. Dienaar van zijn Vader
  14. Dienstknecht voor velen terwille van de waarheid van God
  15. De Leidsman van geloof


Anders denkenden hun schrijfsels

  1. ‘God als product’
  2. Pasen 2016
  3. Wie is.. God?






Posted in Drie-eenheid, Jehovah, JHWH, Jawheh, Elohim God, Yahuwah, Jezus Christus, Jesus, Jeshua, Jahushua | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

The saviour Jesus his godly side

The divine side of Jesus

Jesus his descent from the Father meant that he had a keen eye for what was permissible and what was not, for what is good and what is bad. Things we might even have not  recognized as sin where clearly seen as such by him. That did not mean that the struggle thus became easier, but more clearly. He, however, having God’s character or a godly nature also meant that he saw his fellow man with the eyes of God. He could have been deeply moved by the suffering that carry the sick, but also violently outraged by insincerity or sanctimoniously and hypocrisy. He could feel compassion with a sinner who was “deceived by sin,” but fierce invective against religious leaders who misled the people entrusted to them and who were just out for self-interest or pride and self-righteousness. In these things he was perfectly one with his Father:

“I and the Father are one.””
(John 10:30 CSB17)

English: Sperindio Cagnola, Jesus Christ, John...

Jesus did not pray to himself but to his heavenly Father the Only One True God of gods – Sperindio Cagnola, Jesus Christ, John the Baptist kneeling and praying to God the Father (detail of the Last Judgement), 1514 -24, Paruzzaro, San Marcello Church (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

These words we should not so understand that he and his Father are one of a being or one in essence, as is so often claimed. What he would say is that he and the Father are of one mind and one aim. Likewise, those who are “in him” (like we have to be one with Christ) are mutually of one mind and one aim, and one with Jesus, as we read in that same Gospel of John, where Jesus reminds his Father that He asked them to be one as they are.

“I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, protect them by your name that you have given me, so that they may be one as we are one.

I have given them the glory you have given me, so that they may be one as we are one.”
(John 17:11, 22 CSB17)

Because he showed in this way God‘s character to the people he could say:

“Jesus said to him, “Have I been among you all this time and you do not know me, Philip? The one who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?”
(John 14:9 CSB17)

It was through that character that he could muster the strength to resist the temptation to sin. God can not be tempted and can not sin, but Jesus could be and was more than once tempted. Jesus also could sin but did not. He always managed to do God his will, putting his own will aside.

Because he always performed God’s will entirely he also is called by the title “god”. This indicates not its essence, but if it were his job. As those who were carrying at the time of the Old Testament laws of Godgods” were:

“Jesus answered them, “Isn’t it written in your law, I said, you are gods? If he called those whom the word of God came to ‘gods’—and the Scripture cannot be broken—”
(John 10:34–35 CSB17)

Also remember that highly placed persons, like Pharaoh, where also called ‘god’. Even today people in the picture, becoming an idol of their fans are often called a god by their fans.

The passage in which Jesus refers in the above Bible quote is Psalm 82: 6, but it also strikes back on that kind of passages like the ones talking about cases of embezzlement which will come to the gods, it being said that he who condemn the gods will give his neighbour pay double.

“In any case of wrongdoing involving an ox, a donkey, a sheep, a garment, or anything else lost, and someone claims, ‘That’s mine,’ the case between the two parties is to come before the judges. The one the judges condemn must repay double to his neighbor.”
(Exodus 22:9 CSB17)


““You must not blaspheme God or curse a leader among your people.”
(Exodus 22:28 CSB17)

Which quotes the apostle Paul as:

““I did not know, brothers, that he was the high priest,” replied Paul. “For it is written, You must not speak evil of a ruler of your people.””
(Acts 23:5 CSB17)

Likewise Jesus was equipped with God’s mind, the one who carried out the work of God and therefore should bear his name, especially after his victory on the stake. The title ‘god’ is in the Bible therefore only granted after his victory over sin and his glorification (and altogether only three or four times, while the word “God” the remaining 1300 occurrences in the NT, refers to the Father Himself).


Preceding articles

Not about personal salvation but about a bigger Plan

Redemption #2 Biblical solution

2020 years ago, the road was opened

Dutch version: De Verlosser 2 Zijn goddelijke kant


Additional reading

  1. On the Nature of Christ
  2. Trusting, Faith, Calling and Ascribing to Jehovah #10 Prayer #8 Condition
  3. Trusting, Faith, Calling and Ascribing to Jehovah #14 Prayer #12 The other name
  4. An anarchistic reading of the Bible (2)—Creation and what follows
  5. The faithful God
  6. God’s wisdom for the believer brings peace
  7. Maintaining unity of Spirit in the bond of peace becoming one with God
  8. First mention of a solution against death 6 Authority given to the send one from God coming out of the woman
  9. Salvation, trust and action in Jesus #3 as a Christian
  10. Being Religious and Spiritual 7 Transcendence to become one
  11. Being Religious and Spiritual 8 Spiritual, Mystic and not or well religious
  12. Denominationalism exists because?
  13. Mental Enslavement and Sins Syndrome (MESS)
  14. Getting out of the dark corners of this world
  15. Christians remaining hidden not sharing the gospel
  16. Wanting to live in Christ’s city
  17. How long to wait before bringing religiousness and spirituality in practice
  18. Looking for True Spirituality 3 Mind of Christ
  19. A New Year and a New Person
  20. Not following the tradition of man
  21. Consider your own journey in life
  22. A Living Faith #9 Our Manner of Life
  23. Through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe


Further reading

  1. The Source
  2. Becoming One With God: Salvation
  3. One with God
  4. “That They May Be One”
  5. No Longer Sleeping
  6. The Highest Aim
  7. Experiencing God Inside, Outside
  8. Anatomy of Temptation and God’s Response
  9. Shared Accommodation
  10. Living Is The Divine
  11. Could I Ask For Anything More?
  12. Our Delusions About Everything
  13. We hear ye Him
  14. Are We the Sense Organs of God?
  15. You are “God”
  16. Higher Energies
  17. The seed
  18. Daily Word of Encouragement: Prayer
  19. Inseparable – Justification and Sanctification
  20. Minding Matters
  21. The Revelation of Jesus Christ
  22. In The Son


Related articles
  1. Save


Posted in Drie-eenheid, Jehovah Yahweh God - English articles, Jesus Christ Jeshua Messiah, Trinitarisme | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 8 Comments

Broeders in Christus 2016 jaaroverzicht

2016 leek een zeer donker jaar te zijn op zeer veel vlakken. Overal in Europa bleek het spook van terreur op te dagen en bleef de stroom van immigranten maar over de vele landsgrenzen stromen terwijl bepaalde landen ten oosten van Europa er niet voor terug deinsden om weer ijzeren muren op te trekken en hun grenzen hermetisch af te sluiten. Het leek wel een ernstige verder zetting van wat in 2015 begon te ontsteken.

Terwijl de EU-banken verder bleven bloeden bleek Wall Street te gaan bloeien. Acht jaar na Lehman Brothers is de financiële crisis in Europa nog lang niet verteerd. Door de ‘diefstal’ van Fortis en Dexia Bank zitten wij nu ook met een financiële kater en konden het verlies voor 2016 niet goed maken. Sowieso kost het wat om ons materiaal op het net te krijgen. Ook al zijn het persoonlijke fondsen die wij voor ons predikingswerk gebruiken en wordt ons schrijfwerk en predikingswerk niet vergoed, moeten technici, computers en internetverbinding wel betaald worden. Dit jaar gaven onze werkingskosten nog een negatief van € -3 572,19, maar dat hield ons niet tegen om ijverig voort te doen.

Hier op deze webstek was er wel niet veel beweging. Dat geven wij grif toe. Ook moet het van ons hart dat deze site ook wel meer dan eens gespreksstof op onze bijeenkomsten was. Wij vroegen ons onder meer af of het wel rendeert om al onze Nederlandstalige teksten om te zetten naar het Engels. Zulk een vertaling vraagt meer werk dan een oorspronkelijk artikel te schrijven in één of andere taal. Uiteindelijk werd er besloten om niet meer elk artikel te gaan vertalen naar het Engels.

Wij hebben besloten om de reeks van “Gods vergeten Woord” in het Nederlands voort te zetten, maar hier niet bepaald een Engelse versie naast te plaatsen. Los kunnen er nu en dan toch nog Engelse artikels verschijnen, maar algemeen raden wij onze Engelstalige leden en lezers aan om voor Engelstalige lectuur onze ecclesia site en onze levensstijlmagazines op te zoeken.


Het hier eerst voorkomende Engelstalig artikel op de bezoekerslijst voor 2016 was “About founder Dr. John Thomas” met 15 bezichtigingen, gevolgd door “Pluralis Majestatis in the Holy Scriptures” met 12 bezichtigingen.
Het artikel “Not about personal salvation but about a bigger Plan” kon niet meer dan 8 lezers aantrekken, zoals “Devotees and spotters“, één paar ogen meer dan “Souls and Religions with Nirvana and light“.

Voor al dat vertaal en schrijf werk is dat maar een pover resultaat.

De Nederlandse artikelen deden het gelukkig iets beter, maar niet zo veel beter, wat maakt dat er misschien meer op de ecclesia site en andere websites werd gefocust.

Jezus Christus, Messias, Heer, maar niet God” sloeg er in om 234 keer bekeken te worden. ” Het klassieke en al van 2013 op het net staande “Boek der boeken en groot meesterwerk” trok 120 lezers aan. De “Eerste Joods-Romeinse Oorlog” was dan weer goed voor 105 leesbeurten, terwijl het artikel over de Hutterieten goed was voor 101 beurten.

Oorspronkelijk waren wij op MSN en Blogger gestart. Voor onze oudere websites on Blogger behaalde de blogspot Bijbelvorsers voor 2016 toch nog 2 668 bezichtigingen en Our Word (het vroegere Christian World) 172 497 bezichtigingen.

Met de blogspot Our World bereikten wij tot nu toe 150 423 bezichtigingen vanuit de verenigde Staten van Amerika en 55 438 vanuit de tegenpool Rusland.
Oekraïne volgde met 41 817 inzages en Frankrijk met 22 840. Duitsland was goed voor 18 864 inzages, gevolgd door België met 18 424 bezichtigingen. Nederland zorgde voor 10 692 inzages en Singapore voor 6 948 paar ogen. 5 309 bezichtigingen kon Groot Brittannië opbrengen, gevolgd door Polen met 3 849 bezichtigingen.

167 562 blogspot toeschouwers gaven de voorkeur voor de Google Chrome applicatie terwijl 135 464 Firefox gebruikers, de 37 066 Internet Explorer wijd overtroffen, dit terwijl het Windows besturingssysteem het meest gebruikte was 287 639 gebruikers tegenover 65 144 Macintosh en 12 111 Unix gebruikers. Linux zorgde voor 10 238 lezers.

Toen MSN er mee stopte brachten wij de ecclesia site over naar Multiply om  naderhand, toen dat het ook voor bekeken zag, over te stappen op WordPress.

Het was in 2011 dat wij naast de ecclesia site ook van start gingen met Broeders in Christus op WordPress.  Dat jaar sloegen wij er in om 714 bezichtigingen te krijgen voor 145 geplaatste teksten. 2012 bracht ons 6 397 bezichtigingen, gevolgd door het meest succesvolle jaar voor deze site tot nu toe, met 6 909 bezichtigingen door 4 022 bezoekers voor toch ook maar weinig artikelen, namelijk 43 publicaties. Dit werd gevolgd door slechts 27 artikels voor 2014 die 4 485 bezichtigingen opleverden van 3 095 bezoekers. 2015 bracht dan 4 459 bezichtigingen voor 46 artikels welke 3009 bezoekers wisten aan te trekken.

In 2016 geven wij toe dat wij te laks waren bij het enorme tijdsgebrek. Voor deze site konden wij slechts genoeg tijd vinden om maar 32 artikels te plaatsen, waarvoor wij  2 599 mensen zagen langskomen om on 3 670 bezichtigingen aan te bieden.

Algemeen moeten wij stellen dat de weinige bezoekers ook niet veel animo gaf om regelmatig hier publicaties te voorzien. Het mag echter geen vicieuze cirkel worden. Wij beloven dan ook plechtig om voor 2017 er voor te zorgen dat hier meer Nederlandse publicaties zullen verschijnen. Want betreft Nederlandse artikelen over God op heet net is het maar pover gesteld. Het viel ons op dat enkele niet trinitarische bloggers van het net zijn verdwenen het afgelopen jaar. Spijtig, want één bood zeer boeiend leesmateriaal aan dat nu helemaal niet meer te bezichtigen is op WordPress.

Wij gaan echter door met op WordPress het gedachtegoed van de Broeders in Christus te publiceren en Nederlandstalige artikelen te publiceren. Daarnaast hebben wij ook drie nieuwe Nederlandstalige websites te water gelaten.

De voorbije jaren was Marcus Ampe belaagd door enorm veel haatmail. Zijn persoonlijke brievenbus en die van de Belgische Christadelphians liep over van zeer onchristelijke brieven. Met waarschuwingen maar ook met verwensingen van eeuwige foltering in een hellevuur zagen wij dit niet met lede ogen aan, maar ook met de huidige stand van zaken omtrent de geloofsbeleving in het algemeen en de bevraging van mensen rond geloof en kerk, vonden wij het opportuun om op de kar te springen om mensen meer informatie te geven over God en hen er op te wijzen dat wij naar God moeten zoeken en eens wij Hem hebben gevonden ook de juiste keuze moeten maken om Hem te dienen zoals God het ook verlangt.

Met de vele aanslagen van ISIS besteden de media meer aandacht aan religie, Moslim cultuur en begonnen meer jongeren ook onderling meer vragen te stellen aan  hun klasgenoten met een ander geloof dan het hunne.

Wat op viel is dat veel mensen bepaalde geloofsgroepen helemaal niet kennen en dat er een angst  werd gecreëerd door het niet kennen van bepaalde geloofsgroepen en door vele misverstanden.

In Vlaanderen was de kerkbeleving al op een zeer laag pitje beland, maar nu deden de media al de moeite om religie in een slecht daglicht te stellen. Velen deden alsof religie de oorzaak is van al het huidige leed. Nochtans als zij zouden kijken naar het meest voorkomende geweld, zouden zij zien dat politieke terreurdaden meer voorkomen dan religieuze terreurdaden.

De afgelopen maanden besteedden de media extra aandacht aan allerlei fenomenen rond geloof en filosofische benadering van leven tegenover de levensvisie van geloofsgemeenschappen en hun verheerlijking van hun god, God  of goden. Het viel daarbij op dat als men het over het Christelijk geloof had over slechts een beperkte groep gelovigen had die zich bezig hield met een drievuldige god terwijl men de christenen verzweeg die de God van Abraham aanbidden. Om die reden en om de onduidelijkheid weg te werken die door de media werd geschapen werden drie Nederlandstalige websites gecreëerd.

Op zoek naar God (Looking for God) (Jimdo website)
Op zoek naar God (Looking for God) (Jimdo website)

Op Zoek naar God” als opener van de triptiek heeft als doel voor te leggen hoe de mens het eigenlijk in zich heeft geplant dat er een “Zoeken naar God” of het zoeken naar het “Verhevene” in hem is van nature.

Als mens komt het er op aan om ons leven te ordenen maar ook omdat te plaatsen in het daglicht van de Schepper van dit leven.

Voor haar eerste bestaansjaar sloeg die website er in om 406 bezichtigingen te genereren met 219 gebruikers in 260 sessies.

Na het "Op zoek naar God" komt het op aan om God te vinden, waarbij het 2de luik van de triptiek hulp wil bieden om "De weg naar God" te vinden.

Na het “Op zoek naar God” komt het op aan om God te vinden, waarbij het 2de luik van de triptiek hulp wil bieden om “De weg naar God” te vinden.

Het tweede luik van de triptiek wil de mensen aan tonen dat er een mogelijkheid is om God te vinden. Met als titel  “De Weg naar God” wist de site 986 bezichtigingen van 357 bezoekers te vergaren.

In het Engels staat hiertegenover ook een website die zich meer focust op die “Weg naar God“, namelijk de gezondene van God die ook geboekt staat als de loskoperMessias“.  Die Verlosser, de Kristos of Christus, is de Messias naar wie de hele wereld zou moeten uitkijken, want het is een man die zijn leven gegeven heeft voor alle mensen. “Messiah for all” wil dan ook iedereen bereiken en laten zien waarom het zo belangrijk is om Jezus of Jesus Christus, als Messias te erkennen en hem te aanvaarden als “De Weg naar God.”

m4a-2015ma05Die Engelstalige websiteMessiah for all” sloeg er in om 1 716 bezichtigingen te krijgen in haar ontstaansjaar 2015 and 1 849 voor 2016).

Deze site die het op zich neemt om over de relatie van de mens met God te spreken kon in haar eerste jaar 135 bezoekers aantrekken die er voor zorgden dat van de 58 gepubliceerde artikelen deze website 237 werd bekeken.

Welkomstwoord van "Relating to God" aan Nederlandstalige lezers met een uitnodiging voor de Nederlandstalige triptiek te bezoeken.

Welkomstwoord van “Relating to God” aan Nederlandstalige lezers met een uitnodiging voor de Nederlandstalige triptiek te bezoeken.

De Engelse website “Relating to God” brengt al de drie elementen van de Nederlandse triptiek naar voren en heeft naast de Weebly website een WordPress blog.

God vinden” (Finding God) behaalde 601 bezichtigingen van 398 bezoekers.

Met “C4A” or “Christ for all” (dat 128 bezichtigingen kreeg) en C4U (Christ for you + Christadelphians for you) zouden mensen toch een betere indruk moeten krijgen van wie die Jezus eigenlijk is. Al die websites willen ook duidelijk de ware figuur van Jezus Christus voor leggen. Niet de figuur die vele mensen van hem gemaakt hebben maar wel de persoon die in de Heilige Schrift beschreven staat, wordt in al die websites naar voor gebracht.

De Broeders in Christus uit België stonden verder ook in voor twee levensstijl magazines en het overzichtplatform van boeiende artikelen van Gastsprekers.

Die twee ‘lifestyle magazines’ hun jaaranalyse gaf het volgende resultaat:

  1. From Guestwriters: in 2014: 3 124 bezichtigingen van 1 847 bezoekers; 2015: 4 333 bezichtigingen van 2 764 bezoekers; 2016: 7 782 bezichtigingen van 4 927 bezoekers
  2. Stepping Toes got in 2013 2212 bezichtigingen van 1 353 bezoekers; in 2014: 5 318 bezichtigingen van 3 838 bezoekers; 2015: 3 201 bezichtigingen van 2 433 bezoekers; 2016: 2 651 bezichtigingen voor weinige gepubliceerde artikelen (45) welke 731 bezoekers konden bereiken.

Zoals u kan zien hebben wij in ieder geval niet stil gezeten en hebben wij ons handen vol gehad met de verscheidene websites en reacties die zij teweeg brachten.

Het predikingswerk is echt noodzakelijk in deze donkere tijden en wij willen hiertoe ook ons steentje bij dragen. Om die reden hebben wij het Goede Nieuws langs die vele platformen trachten te verspreiden en hopen wij in de toekomst nog meer mensen te bereiken en hen de Weg naar God te tonen, in de hoop dat meer mensen Jezus Christus ook zullen gaan aan nemen als de Weg naar God.

Mogen wij hopen u hier en op onze andere websites nog verder in de toekomst meermaals te mogen terug vinden.

WordPress Fireworks for Annnual report

Wij wensen u een gezegend 2017 toe en kijken uit om u ook eens in levende lijve te mogen ontmoeten.


Vindt een veel uitvoeriger verslag en overzicht van onze bezigheden en resultaten van onze webpublicaties / In English you may find a more thorough analysis for the previous year:

Analytics for our Christadelphian websites – 2016



Broeders in Christus 2015 in review

Een gezin wordt niet zo maar sterk

Gods vergeten Woord 16 Geopenbaarde Woord 1 Zoeken naar een god


Aanverwante lectuur

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  7. Amir Menasheof: “Geloven is iets problematisch om over te praten.”
  8. Roomsch-Catholijke Catechismus (1847)
  9. De Ierse mennonieten: eenvoud en simpel geluk
  10. Ben ik een goed persoon?
  11. Symposium: Tradition & Modernity in Ets Haim
  12. De Passie van de Jezus – Een muzikale fruitmand
  13. Pasen 2016
  14. The righteous mind (Jonathan Haidt) – Deel 4 – Moraliteit verbindt en verblindt
  15. Liefde en seks, vrouwen lezen in Tenach, Bijbel en Koran.
  16. Aanslag Orlando uiting van giftige mannelijkheid
  17. Wim van Rooy over de Islam
  18. Vanaf maandag: Rot op met je religie
  19. Interreligieuze dialoogmiddag in het Nationaal Holocaust Museum.Uittreders en intreders op zoek naar ware ik
  20. What Does Jesus Say About Himself?
  21. Identity Crisis – message about God’s people Israel and the tribes
  22. Who Needs Religion?
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Germanic mythological influences up to today’s Christmas celebrations

Odin the Wanderer (1895) by Georg von Rosen a figure in which we easily can see the (Coca-Cola red-advertisement) Santa

In a few days time lots of people celebrate Christmas, for some a holiday to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ, though he was born in October, for others it is the time to celebrate the Wild Hunt, the widely revered god Óðinn or Odin and the pagan Anglo-Saxon Mōdraniht or “Night of the Mothers” or “Mothers’ Night.

In our Germanic regions lots of Christmas -traditions are taken from the ancient Germanic mythology and from the Migration Period, the Viking Age and the  15th up to 18th century introduced German customs to celebrate the Christmastide.

Customs of that Christmastide are a.o. the decoration of the evergreen or artificial Christmas tree in the tradition of the Germanic heathen  “Yule-tree” Weihnachtsbaum or later Christbaum.

It can well be that in the 7th century the English missionary and reformer St. Boniface his action of pointing to a small fir tree laying among the ruins of the oak tree, he cut down when he found some pagans preparing a human sacrifice before it, telling them to take that as the symbol of their new faith and of the birth of the Christ child, has brought the tradition into the homes of placing that tree as sign of new life. 

These days are for the majority also to celebrate the Santa or Father Christmas coming from the North to their houses bringing presents. Lots of American christians are mad of that Christmas Father and his diminutive creatures, the elves, though we sincerely wonder what they have to do with the birth of Christ, those Americans are saying that they are celebrating. For them the American abolitionist and a feminist author known for her children’s books, especially the classic Little Women, Louisa May Alcott in 1856 may have introduced those elves but the Santa Claus character is much older, emerging in US folklore in the early 17th century from the historical figure St. Nicholas of Myra with attributes of various European Christmas traditions, especially from the Slavic Father Frost and the elf-like figure or tomten* of the winter solstice who comes at Yule, plus the English Christmas gift-bringer Father Christmas and Dutch Sinterklaas.

For others the Christmas season is just some nice period of free days to spent some more time with the family in those darkest days of the year.

It were those dark days which also brought many people in the past to bring sacrificial offers to have the light returning. The god of light was worshipped and her birthday December the 25th was an important day in the year, which would bring change again in many peoples their life. christians should remember the warning giving in Scriptures about one of such celebrations, namely those of ancient Rome, where the winter solstice was celebrated at the most popular festival, the Feast of Saturnalia, which originally were celebrated the 17th of December, to honour the god of agricultural bounty Saturn, equated with the Greek agricultural deity Cronus. Lasting about a week, Saturnalia was characterized by feasting, debauchery and gift-giving.

A nisse/tomte, often imagined as a small, elderly man, on Christmas Card (1885)

Christians should know that the festivities at the end of the civil year, in the northern part of the globe, had to do with pre-Christian midwinter celebrations, where people worshipped the gods of light and darkness and the spirits of the underworld and darkness who came above the ground in these darker days. In many elements still used today we can see ancient ancestral cult elements. The spirits had to be treated well to please them so that they would protect the family and animals from evil and misfortune and may also aid the chores and farm work.

The nisse** or tomte who in ancient times was believed to be the “soul” of the first inhabitor of the farm is also consider not only the guardian of the houses but also the helper of the god of Winter, the Father Frost, who also has his elves and his flying reindeer which can be compared to shamanic practices among the Norse pagans their Sleipnir, the eight-legged horse of Odin in Norse mythology, the child of Loki and Svaðilfari.

For those who say it is the most wonderful time of year because our saviour is born, we could ask why they do not celebrate it then on the birthday of their saviour Jesus Christ, whose original name was Jeshua. today those Christians who use the 25th of December to celebrate the birth of Jesus

"Father Christmas" is often synonymo...

“Father Christmas” is often synonymous with Santa Claus. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It is from all those old pagan rituals and lively traditions that the Roman Catholic Church missionaries and Luther made handy use to  get the local population at ease, integrating their pagan rituals in the church and making it even Christian church traditions. In 325 at the First Council of Nicaea a meeting of bishops and other leaders took place to consider and rule on questions of doctrine concerning the position of Jesus and the persecution of their community by the Romans. By agreeing to the wishes of the Roman emperor  Constantine I, he proclaimed toleration for the Christians (313) and persecution ended, but now at that general meeting all ‘Christians’ had to come to agreement to take the three-headed Greek-Roman god the equivalent to rabbi Jeshua. Many did not agree with that and wanted to regard Jeshua (or Jesus, like he is better know today in English speaking countries) still as the Jewish worshipper of the One and only One True God. though the conversations where very agitated and after fiery debate the majority agreed to accept the figure Zeus into their leader, wherefore his name was changed to Issou (Hail Zeus) in honour of the uppergod, and to have the tri-une godhead also for him, giving him the role of being a god-father, a god-son and a god-spirit. Though it would take up to the 5th century before even more christians could accept such trinity for Jesus. At the fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Tur.) in 451 the creed of Constantinople (381; subsequently known as the Nicene Creed), two letters of Cyril against Nestorius, which insisted on the unity of divine and human persons in Christ, and the Tome of Pope Leo I confirming two distinct natures in Christ and rejecting the Monophysite doctrine that Jesus Christ’s nature remains altogether divine and not human even though he has taken on an earthly and human body with its cycle of birth, life, and death.

In the development of the doctrine of the person of Christ during the 4th, 5th, and 6th centuries, several divergent traditions had arisen. {Encyclopaedia Britannica on Chalcedon}

Cyril emphasized the unity of the two in one Person, while Nestorius so emphasized their distinctness that he seemed to be splitting Christ into two Persons acting in concert. The conflict came to the fore over Cyril’s insistence that the Virgin Mary be called Theotokos (Greek: God-bearer) to describe the intimate union of the two natures in the Incarnation. Nestorius refused to accept such terminology, and their dispute was referred to a general council at Ephesus in 431. {Encyclopaedia Britannica on Saint Cyril of Alexandria}

Chalcedon adopted a decree declaring that Christ was to be “acknowledged in two natures, without being mixed, transmuted, divided, or separated.” This formulation was directed in part against the Nestorian doctrine — that the two natures in Christ had remained separate and that they were in effect two persons — and in part against the theologically unsophisticated position of the monk Eutyches, who had been condemned in 448 for teaching that, after the Incarnation, Christ had only one nature and that, therefore, the humanity of the incarnate Christ was not of the same substance as that of other human beings. Political and ecclesiastical rivalries as well as theology played a role in the decision of Chalcedon to depose and excommunicate the patriarch of Alexandria, Dioscorus (d. 454). The church that supported Dioscorus and insisted that his teaching was consistent with the orthodox doctrine of St. Cyril of Alexandria was labeled monophysite. {Encyclopaedia Britannica on Chalcedon}

For several years discussions went on about divinity and humanity of Jesus, but in the end the majority took the easy way, to please the Romans and themselves, to go in against the Jewish teachings of there to be only One God of gods and accepting the three-headed god or Trinity plus integrating the Greek-Roman feasts in their religious calendar.

Artificial Christmas tree

Artificial Christmas tree (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

As such we can say that with Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity, many of the pagan customs became part of Christendom and when the missionaries moved to the West they had learned it was the easiest way to convert people by offering their own rituals and traditions as acceptable and part of Christendom. This way lots of Germanic and Keltic traditions where absorbed to offer Christians a similar Solstice feast by the introduction of the holy day Christmas.

Jesus became the god of light, the bringer of light or “the Light in the world” and all the decorations of trees (a pagan act as part of the worship, which is an abomination in the eyes of God) became part of the Christian tradition.



  • * In the English editions of the fairy tales of H. C. Andersen the word nisse has been inaccurately translated as goblin (a more accurate translation is brownie or hob).
  • ** In modern Denmark, nisser are often seen as beardless, wearing grey and red woolens with a red cap.


Additional reading

  1. Holidays, holy days and traditions
  2. Solstice, Saturnalia and Christmas-stress
  3. Focus on outward appearances
  4. Irminsul, dies natalis solis invicti, birthday of light, Christmas and Saturnalia
  5. The imaginational war against Christmas
  6. Winter Solstice 2015: Shortest Day Of The Year Celebrated As Pagan Yule (Stepping Toes)
  7. Exodus 9: Liar Liar
  8. Jesus begotten Son of God #2 Christmas and pagan rites
  9. A season for truth and peace
  10. Nazarene Commentary Luke 2:1-7 – A Firstborn’s Birth In Bethlehem
  11. Azteekse en Romeinse tradities die ons nog steeds beïnvloeden


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  82. J.C. Ryle on the Wonder of the Incarnation of Christ
  83. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year







Posted in Being Christian, Christendom, History, Jesus Christ Jeshua Messiah, Religion, Trinity, World | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

De Verlosser 2 Zijn goddelijke kant

De goddelijke kant van Jezus

Zijn afstamming van de Vader betekende dat Hij een scherp oog had voor wat geoorloofd was en wat niet, voor wat goed was en wat slecht. Dingen die wij wellicht niet eens als zonde hadden herkend werden door Hem duidelijk als zodanig gezien. Dat betekende niet dat de strijd daardoor gemakkelijker werd, maar wel duidelijker. Dat Hij Gods karakter bezat betekende echter ook dat Hij zijn medemens zag met Gods ogen. Hij kon diep bewogen zijn door het leed dat zieken te dragen hadden, maar ook heftig verontwaardigd over huichelarij en schijnheiligheid. Hij kon mededogen voelen met een zondaar die ‘door de zonde misleid’ was, maar fel uitvallen tegen religieuze leiders die het aan hen toevertrouwde volk misleidden en slechts uit waren op eigenbelang of trots en eigengerechtigheid. In deze dingen was Hij volmaakt één met zijn Vader:

“Ik en de Vader zijn één” (Johannes 10:30)

We moeten deze woorden niet zó opvatten dat Hij wil zeggen dat Hij en de Vader één van wezen zijn, zoals zo vaak wordt beweerd. Wat Hij wil zeggen is dat Hij en de Vader één van gezindheid zijn en één van streven. Zo moeten ook degenen die ‘in Hem’ zijn onderling één van gezindheid zijn en één van streven, en één zijn met Hem, zoals we in datzelfde evangelie van Johannes lezen:

“Heilige Vader, bewaar hen in uw naam, welke Gij Mij gegeven hebt, dat zij één zijn zoals Wij … En de heerlijkheid, die Gij Mij gegeven hebt, heb Ik hun gegeven, opdat zij één zijn gelijk Wij één zijn: Ik in hen en Gij in Mij” (Johannes 17:11, 22).

Doordat Hij zo Gods karakter aan de mensen toonde kon Hij zeggen:

“Wie Mij gezien heeft, heeft de Vader gezien” (Johannes 14:9).

Het was door dat karakter dat Hij de kracht kon opbrengen om weerstand te bieden aan de verleiding tot zonde.


Omdat hij Gods wil volledig uitvoerde wordt Hij ook wel genoemd met de titel ‘God’. Dat duidt dan niet zijn wezen aan, maar als het ware zijn functie. Zoals ook degenen die in de tijd van het Oude Verbond Gods wetten moesten uitvoeren ‘goden’ werden genoemd:

“Is er niet geschreven in uw wet: Ik heb gezegd: Gij zijt goden? Als Hij hèn goden genoemd heeft, tot wie het woord Gods gekomen is … “ (Johannes 10:34-35).

De passage waaraan Jezus hier refereert is Psalm 82:6, maar het slaat ook terug op zulk soort passages als:

“Bij elke zaak van verduistering … zal hun beider zaak tot de goden komen. Hij die de goden schuldig verklaren, zal aan zijn naaste het dubbele als vergoeding geven” (Exodus 22:9).


“De goden zult gij niet vervloeken … “ (Exodus 22:28)

Wat de apostel Paulus citeert als:

“Van een overste uws volk zult gij geen kwaad spreken” (Handelingen der apostelen 23:5)

Zo was ook Jezus, uitgerust met Gods gezindheid, degene die Gods werk uitvoerde en daarom diens naam mocht dragen, zeker na zijn overwinning op het kruis. De titel wordt hem in de Bijbel dan ook pas toegekend na zijn overwinning over de zonde en zijn verheerlijking (en in het geheel slechts drie- of viermaal, terwijl het woord ‘God’ de overige ca. 1300 keer dat het in het NT voorkomt, slaat op de Vader Zelf).



De Verlosser 1 Senior en junior

Het begin van Jezus #7 Een Nieuwe Adam, zoon van Abraham

Het begin van Jezus #8 Beloofde Gezalfde zoon van God

Volgende: De Verlosser 3 Zijn menselijke kant


Aanvullende lectuur

  1. Bent u op zoek naar antwoorden en Bent u op zoek naar God
  2. Op zoek naar antwoorden op de vraag Is er een God # 2 Pantheon van goden en feesten
  3. Een Naam voor een God #10 God en goddelijkheid
  4. Politiek en macht eerste prioriteit #1
  5. Politiek en macht eerste prioriteit #2 Arianisme, Nestorianisme en Monofysitisme
  6. Niet goddelijkheid van Christus toch
  7. Jezus van Nazareth #3 De Zoon van God
  8. Jezus van Nazareth #6 Zijn unieke macht


Posted in Jezus Christus, Jesus, Jeshua, Jahushua | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 4 Comments

De Verlosser 1 Senior en junior

De afgelopen weken hebben wij hier op dit platform een kijk genomen in de eerste zes hoofdstukken van broeder Rudolf Rijkeboer zijn boek Gods vergeten Woord. Daarin zagen wij hoe de wereld tot staan kwam door een Hogere Macht die een Plan had met het geheel. Deze eeuwige goddelijke Kracht plaatse de mens in het universum, maar die mens verzette zich tegen de Grote Kracht zijn recht op heerschappij. Als straf voor hun daad van tegenstand (satan) werden zij uit de Koninklijke Tuin van Eden gestuurd en kwam er nu een einde aan hun leven. Lijden en dood zou nu een herkenbaar deel van hun leven uit maken.

God voorzag echter dat het lijden der mensheid niet eeuwig zou duren en beloofde een verlosser. Doordat God een Messias beloofde en er voor zorgde dat deze op de aarde kwam, is Hij de Voorziener van die Verlosser, oftewel de Hoofdverlosser. Velen denken omdat er over Dé Verlosser wordt gepraat en over een Alfa en Omega dat de ene en de andere Verlosser waarover sprake is in de bijbel één en dezelfde persoon moeten zijn en dat daarom de genaamde zoon van God ook God zou moeten zijn. Dit is echter volledige onterecht.

Naast God de Verlosser of Redder, kunnen er op aarde nog vele andere verlossers of redders werkzaam zijn. Zo zijn er vele brandweerlui, geneesheren en andere gezondheidswerkers die mensenlevens redden en anderen van hun moeilijkheden verlossen, doch zijn ze niet God. Zo zullen wij aantonen dat er naast de Ware God, de Allerhoogste Redder of verlosser, ook een beloofde verlosser door God op de wereld geplaatst is op een bijzondere wijze (Dit jaar 2020 jaar geleden). Indien God geen verbreker van de doodstraf of verlosser zou voorzien hebben en indien hij het zoenoffer van Jezus niet aanvaard zou hebben waren wij nu nog steeds niet verlost van die vloek der dood welke over elk levend wezen valt.

Gods vergeten Woord Hoofdstuk  7 De Verlosser

Een zuiver begrip van Gods verlossingsplan vergt een zuivere visie op de positie van de Verlosser. Door de eeuwen heen is er de verleiding geweest om de Verlosser al te zeer te vergoddelijken. Maar dit wordt al door de aposte­len bestreden omdat het de Verlosser in feite zijn overwinning ontneemt. De Bijbelse leer omtrent de verlossing vormt daarentegen een rationeel en consistent geheel.


In het vorige hoofdstuk hebben we geconstateerd dat de mens van nature geneigd is af te dwalen van God. Afdwaling van God en ingaan tegen zijn geboden is zonde en brengt de dood. De Wet van het Oude Verbond voorzag daarin door offers. Een ander leven moest in de plaats komen van dat van de zondaar. Maar dieroffers waren daartoe ontoereikend. Slechts een volmaakt en zondeloos mens kon de zonde tenietdoen. Maar welk mens zou in staat zijn die rol te vervullen? Dat vereist een vastberadenheid die kennelijk de onze te boven gaat. En de verklaring die de Bijbel geeft is dat de Verlosser Gods Zoon was. Door zijn afstamming van God Zelf kon Hij de kracht op­brengen te volharden in gehoorzaamheid. Tegelijker­tijd moest Hij echter een menselijke natuur hebben, want Hij moest een volmaakt mens zijn en geen volmaakte God, op dezelfde wijze als wij verzocht door de zonde; en die natuur had hij door zijn afstamming van een menselijke moe­der. En door die natuur moest Hij, net als wij, de gehoor­zaamheid leren:

“En zo heeft Hij, hoewel Hij de Zoon was, de gehoorzaamheid geleerd uit hetgeen Hij heeft geleden” (Hebr. 5:8).

Het is zaaks dit goed te beseffen: Hij kon alleen het ware zondoffer zijn doordat Hij zowel aan de goddelijke als aan de menselijke natuur deel had. Zonder zijn goddelijke afstamming had Hij de kracht niet gehad om de zonde te weerstaan. Maar zonder zijn menselijke afstamming had Hij de verleiding niet ondergaan zoals alle andere mensen; dan was er geen strijd geweest en dus nog steeds geen overwinning.



Hermeneutiek om uit te dragen #6 Geen Excuus

Gods vergeten Woord 15 Schepping 7 Vreze des Heren

Een goddelijk Plan #3 Vervolmaking volgens blauwdruk

Een goddelijk Plan #4 Beloften

2020 jaar geleden werd de weg geopend

Verlossing #2 De Bijbelse oplossing

Het begin van Jezus #2 Aller Begin

Het begin van Jezus #3 Voorgaande Tijden

Het begin van Jezus #6 Beloften van innerlijke zegeningen

Het begin van Jezus #7 Een Nieuwe Adam, zoon van Abraham

Het begin van Jezus #8 Beloofde Gezalfde zoon van God

Het begin van Jezus #13 Een te komen mens

Vervolg: De Verlosser 2 Zijn goddelijke kant


Aansluitende lectuur

  1. Een Drievoudige God of simpelweg een éénvoudige God
  2. Een koning die zijn onderdanen wetten oplegt waarvan hij weet dat zij zich er nooit aan kunnen houden
  3. God die Almachtige Geest die geen mens kan zien De Almachtige God der goden, groter dan en hoog verheven boven alle goden
  4. Voorspellingen van de Eniggeboren zoon
  5. Een Groots Geschenk om te herinneren
  6. De Knecht des Heren #4 De Verlosser Schijnbaar onmogelijke opdracht Verzoening en Broederschap 1 Getrouwheid en vergoeding
  7. Jezus van Nazareth #2 De zoon van Maria
  8. Jezus van Nazareth #3 De Zoon van God
  9. Jezus van Nazareth #4 Die geen zonde gedaan heeft
  10. Jezus van Nazareth #5 Zijn Unieke persoonlijkheid
  11. Jezus van Nazareth #6 Zijn unieke macht
  12. Jezus van Nazareth #7 Zijn Leven van gebed
  13. De Knecht des Heren #1 De Bevrijder
  14. De Knecht des Heren #2 Gods zwaard en pijl
  15. De Knecht des Heren #3 De Gewillige leerling
  16. De Knecht des Heren #4 De Verlosser
  17. De Knecht des Heren #5 De Gezalfde gezant
  18. Wereld waarheen? #2 Gebed om de komst van de koning
  19. Wereld waarheen #3 – de wortelscheut van David
  20. Dienstknecht voor velen terwille van de waarheid van God
  21. Dienaar van zijn Vader
  22. Lijden goegemaakt door Jezus’ loskoopoffer voor zonde
  23. Gisteren stierf hij voor mij
  24. De Leidsman van geloof
  25. Wegen die tot God leiden
  26. De Weg tot verlossing
  27. Uitkijken naar twee adventen
  28. Het is niet proberen maar vertrouwen
  29. Wees trouw aan het luisterende oor
  30. Wie zijt Gij, Here?
  31. De Toorn Gods
  32. Al of niet verenigen
  33. Een plaats voor een vreemdeling en een vluchteling
  34. Mogelijkheid tot leven
  35. Dank aan de Vader dat Hij nooit moe wordt Zijn kinderen van alles te geven


Verder aanverwante artikelen

  1. Mijn Volmaakte Verlossing
  2. Wie is.. God?
  3. Whiskey, soberheid en God
  4. My Heer
  5. Om genade te sien
  6. hardepad
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