The following are the most noteworthy, and worthy of a place in one’s memory:
— 1. Alleged date of Founding of Rome (Roman dates calculated from this are marked A.U.C.), B.C. 752.
2.First War with Carthage, Rome mistress of Italy, B.C. 264.
3. Conquest of Macedonian Kingdom, B.C. 168.
4. Carthage destroyed; Corinth sacked, B.C. 146.
5. Judas Maccabaeus obtains alliance with Rome, B.C.161. Roman general Pompey seizes Jerusalem, B.C. 63.
7. Julius Caesar becomes master of the Roman World by defeating Pompey at Pharsalus, B.C. 48.
8.Caesar assassinated, B.C. 44.
9. Augustus (nephew) sole Emperor of Roman Empire, after defeating rivals at Actium; inauguration of the Pax Romana (during which Christ was born), B.C. 31. 10. Death of Augustus, A.D. 14. 11. Decree of Claudius, banishing Jews from Rome, A.D. 52.
12. First persecution of Christians at Rome, under Nero, A.D. 64.
13. Destruction of Jewish nation and of Jerusalem by Titus, A.D. 70.
14. Constantine sole Emperor, A.D. 323.
15. Fall of Rome, Romulus Augustulus last Emperor; end of Western Roman Empire, and of Ancient History, A.D. 476.
16. Fall of Constantinople; end of Middle History, May, 1453.
17. Fall of Papal Temporal Power, Sept., 1870.
W. J. Young
- Carthage was the capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization, on the eastern side of the Lake of Tunis in what is now Tunisia. Carthage was the most important trading hub of the Ancient Mediterranean and one of the most affluent cities of the classical world.
- Pax Romana: a roughly 200-year-long period in Roman history which is identified with increased and sustained inner hegemonial peace and stability (though not meaning without wars, expansion and revolts). It is traditionally dated as commencing from the accession of Caesar Augustus, founder of the Roman principate, in 27 BCE and concluding in 180 CE with the death of Marcus Aurelius, the last of the “Five Good Emperors“