There were six cities of Refuge (Joshua xxi. 18), Three were situated on the west of the Jordan — Hebron in Judah, Shechem in Ephraim, and Kadesh in Naphtali; and three on the east of the Jordan — Bezer in Reuben, Golan in Manasseh, and Ramoth in Gad.
They were ordained for the protection of man-slayers, until their guilt or innocence of murder had been established (Joshua xx. 6; Num. xxxv. 6-24). The cities were equally accessible to all the Tribes; the roads thereto were open and kept in good order.
The manslayer adjudged guilty was handed over to the Avenger (Exod. xxi. 13, 14). The innocent, or accidental, manslayer was protected, but detained until the death of the High Priest (Num. xxxv. 6). The antitypical meaning is apparent. The man-slayer typified the sinner; the Avenger of blood, sentence of death; the City of Refuge, Jesus Christ; and the road thereto, the way of salvation. The most noteworthy and comforting fact is that God draws a distinction between wilful sins, and those committed in weakness.
F. G. J.
Read “The Law of Moses”, by R. Roberts.